The pumping of the heart makes the blood flow through blood vessels. The pressure exerted on the walls of the arteries by the blood flowing through the blood vessels is called blood pressure.
The systolic rate is understandably higher, as greater pressure falls on the walls of the artery when the heart beats. It is essential to measure both these numbers as one should know the impact of both the pressures.
Optimum Blood Pressure Levels
Normal BP readings remain same for all ages and sexes. Here are the high and low blood pressure readings according to various categories that apply to all the people -
- Normal: 90 - 110/60 - 69
- Prehypertension: 120 - 139/80 - 89
- Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) Stage 1: 140 - 159/90 - 99
- Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) Stage 2: 160 - 200/100 - 120
- Very High (a case of emergency): >200/>120
Dangers of High Blood Pressure
Many people fear the problem of a high blood pressure, commonly known as hypertension. One of the most worrisome things about hypertension is that the symptoms are not very obvious, hence it has earned the sobriquet - the silent killer. The symptoms are quite veiled and include headache, dizziness, fatigue, and pounding in the chest; neck; and ears.
As you can see, the normal rate is the same for all ages. The symptoms of a high BP may not always show up, hence it is essential to be regular in taking BP readings to ensure that it remains in the normal range.
Disclaimer: This is for informative purposes only and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.