Complications during pregnancy are more likely to occur if the pregnancy occurs under the age of 15 and over the age of 35. The risk arises due to the changes in the reproductive system and the increased likelihood of general health problems resulting due to age. This article provides information on the risks associated with age during pregnancy.
Complications during pregnancy could be due to preexisting conditions or conditions that might even develop during the course of pregnancy. Other than this, there are many other complications like heart diseases, high blood pressure, kidney problems, autoimmune disorder, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), diabetes, cancer, etc. Some of these conditions need immediate medical attention. The age at which a woman becomes pregnant could also increase the risk of certain complications.
These days, women prefer planning for their family, when they are in their late 30s. As per US statistics, one woman out of every five women, plans for her first child after the age of 35. Most of these women have delivered healthy babies. However, in some cases, the chances of developing medical disorders such as hypertension, diabetes, or fibroid, were high. The increased age often makes women susceptible to aforementioned complications, bleeding in the third trimester, and low-lying placenta. The percentage of complications in pregnancy is about 10.43 for women who are between the age of 35 to 40 years.
Under Age – 15
Pregnant teens are likely to develop high blood pressure and anemia (lack of healthy red blood cells). Associated risks with teen pregnancy include:
- They could go into labor earlier than the older women
- Might be exposed to sexually transmitted disease (STD)
- Might not get prenatal care
- Less likely to make ongoing appointments with the health care providers, to evaluate the pregnancy risks
- Might not be able to ensure that they stay healthy
- Less likely to understand which medications and drugs can be used
Age – 35
Associated risks are:
- Increased threat of pre-eclampsia
- Other problems such as gestational diabetes, dysfunctional labor, still birth, abruptio placentae, and placenta previa, might arise.
- Pre-existing disorders such as chronic hypertension (CHTN), diabetes, etc.
- Increased probability of fetal chromosomal abnormalities
- Could be prone to the Down syndrome
Age – 40
The risks at this age are similar to those experienced at the age of 35. The fact is that with the increasing age, the risks and complications increase. It may result in complications in labor and delivery, genetic and birth abnormalities, and medical conditions affecting the fetus and mother.
The risks are higher not only for pregnant women aged 35 years and above, there’s also an increased risk to the fetus. The risks due to age are one out of sixty cases, when compared to pregnancies during the age of 25. The cases of chromosomal abnormalities are rare for pregnancies at the age of 25. The tests like amniocentesis and maternal serum screening provide the approximation of the risks, thereby helping in the treatment and care required for the mother and the baby.
The risk entirely depends on the health of the pregnant women. To avoid any age-related risks, one must visit the doctor for regular checkups. They should follow a proper diet and stay active. It’s also essential to follow all the guidelines recommended by the doctor. With proper prenatal care, would-be mothers can easily avert these situations and give birth to a healthy baby. If you are above the age of 35 years, consult the doctor before and after you plan a baby, to ensure that you receive proper and timely guidance.
Disclaimer: This article is for informative purposes only and does not in any way attempt to replace the advice offered by an expert on the subject.