The article dwells on some common health problems faced by many women during pregnancy. So have a look at some of the common health problems that are unexpected and can occur without warning.
Pregnancy, along with happiness and joy, brings a lot of unexpected changes in a woman’s body. Due to various hormonal changes, the expecting mother experiences varying symptoms, like, missed period, mood swings, vomiting, morning sickness, etc. Though these are some of the inevitable symptoms of pregnancy every woman has to go through, at times, there can be some mild or severe complications related to the expecting mother’s health.
These complications, if not addressed in time, can lead to a high-risk pregnancy. These common problems can be an outcome of various factors, like, stress, poor eating habits, no prenatal care, and many other external factors. Therefore, it is essential for all expecting mothers and even those women, who are planning to conceive, to be aware of these common health problems occurring in pregnancy.
Constipation is one of the major complications during pregnancy suffered by many women due to hormonal changes, especially during the second and third trimester. During this time the digestive system absorbs more water than food, which makes the feces harder and difficult to pass. Moreover, the intestinal muscles become loose, and weight of the fetus, by the end of the pregnancy, can slow down the passage of waste through the intestines, which can contribute to constipation. The only way to get rid of it is to eat foods high in fiber and drink plenty of water.
Often mistaken for a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy, vaginal bleeding can be a cause of worry, especially if there is excessive bleeding. However mild vaginal bleeding or discharge during initial weeks is usually a sign of placenta implantation in the lower part of the uterus, while blood mixed with mucus during late pregnancy can be an indication that cervix is changing and getting ready for labor. However, anytime during the nine months, if there is excessive vaginal bleeding or discharge, do consult a mid wife or doctor immediately.
Anemia or iron deficiency is another problem wherein, there is a drop in the number of red blood cells in the body, resulting in an insufficient supply of oxygen to different body organs. If not addressed in time, it can lead to poor fetal growth, preterm birth, and low birth weight. Consuming foods high in iron and some vitamin supplements can help you overcome anemia.
Piles or hemorrhoids are swollen veins around the anus, which may itch, ache, become sore, or even bleed. They mainly occur due to hormonal changes that cause the veins to relax. Other cause for hemorrhoids during pregnancy is a low fiber diet and straining during a bowel movement while passing hard and dry stools. Hence, the best way to cure them is to have diet high in fiber and drinking enough water.
High Blood Pressure or Pre-eclampsia
Hypertension is another common pregnancy problem faced by many women. Though it is not life-threatening, if not treated in time, high blood pressure can lead to pre-eclampsia, a condition characterized by high blood pressure, protein in the urine, swelling in the feet and legs, blurred vision, etc.
Another common problem that pregnant women experience, is varicose veins, which are basically swollen veins in the legs, but occasionally appear around the vulva (the area around the opening to your vagina) as well. Varicose veins mainly occur when the body has more blood and there is more pressure on the leg veins due to growing womb and elevated hormone levels.
Below given are some other common problems which mainly occur due to hormonal changes.
- Hot flashes
- Indigestion and heartburn
- Severe itching
- Stretch marks
- Baby anxiety
- Nausea and sickness
However, to overcome the aforementioned problems during pregnancy, a pre-pregnancy visit to a health care provider is very important especially if a woman has a prior medical problem like diabetes, hypertension, etc. Regular visits to your health care provider, proper prenatal care, healthy and balanced diet, and a stress-free life can enable any woman to enjoy a healthy and successful pregnancy without any complications. Take care!