Activities of Daily Living

Activities of Daily Living

The basic tasks that a person performs each day are known as the activities of daily living. If a person is unable to perform these tasks properly, certain measures need to be taken in order to help them. Let us discuss on the topic in detail.
WellnessKeen Staff
Last Updated: Jun 2, 2018
Activities of daily living or ADLs is a term that is commonly used in healthcare, especially when the nursing of an elderly or a disabled person is involved. Any activity or task that an individual undertakes throughout the course of the day constitutes as instrumental ADLs. Eating, walking, personal grooming, and hygiene, all come under it.
Many medical institutions and insurance companies conduct a study of these activities on individuals. Mostly, elderly people with mental illnesses, physically-challenged are put through this study. This is done to assess the functionality of a person. Once it’s been ascertained, the health professionals can decide what type of treatment should be provided.
Importance of Activities Checklist
There are 6 basic activities that a person is expected to perform. So, if an individual cannot perform at least 2 of these activities independently, the nursing home will mostly likely admit him/her.
All the tasks are monitored to ascertain if a person should be admitted or not. The cost of admitting someone into nursing homes is quite high, and as a result they need to be absolutely certain with their decision.
Basic ADLs
As mentioned earlier, there are basically 6 ADLs that any health professional will consider a part of this list.
Taking a bath/shower
Man Showering
Getting dressed
Getting Dressed
Eating
Man Having Breakfast With Milk
Toilet hygiene
Man washing hands in the bathroom
Moving from one place to another
Businessman getting dressed in the morning
These activities need to be performed independently in order for an individual to take care of himself/herself. The most common cases where people are unable to independently perform their ADLs, is in the case of elderly people.
Therefore, the analysis of these activities for elderly people is of utmost importance. Based on the results of the analysis, it can be decided what sort of nursing conditions a particular individual will require.
Instrumental ADLs
Apart from the fundamental ADLs mentioned above, there is a list of instrumental ADLs that determine if a person is capable of living in a community independently, or if they require additional assistance.
Cooking
Woman in the kitchen
Taking medication
Senior Woman taking medicine
Shopping
Friends Shopping
Using the telephone
Happy woman using mobile phone on sofa
Managing money
Checking our finances
Care of others
Daughter Helping Senior Mother To Use Walking Frame
Care of pets
Dog takes bath with shampoo at hot summer day
Doing housework
Young woman dish washing
Emergency responses
Young woman makes an emergency call
Safety procedures
Safety first
If it is found that a person can perform their basic ADLs but are unable to perform their instrumental ADLs, it is probably best to assign someone to look after them. Mostly, insurance companies tend to require this information as most of the treatments will be covered by their organizations.
There is a possibility that some people may try to con these companies in order to get the insurance money. So, these companies carry out the tests very carefully to ascertain the true functionality and mobility of an individual.
Before a person is actually admitted into a nursing home for treatment, everyone must be made well aware of the specific activities they can and cannot perform. Elderly people and those with chronic illnesses are likely to be more susceptible to these tests. Monitoring their functionality can only benefit the family members and friends in the long run.